90 Int'l Lab. Rev. 352 (1964)
The Industrial Wage Systems in the U.S.S.R.

handle is hein.journals/intlr90 and id is 366 raw text is: The Industrial Wage System
in the U.S.S.R.
After explaining the comprehensive basic wage scales applied to all
industrial workers in the U.S.S.R. and their differentiation by skill,
conditions of work, industry and so forth, the author describes the
various types of incentive system in operation and the criteria on which
they are based. In relation to all these matters he briefly indicates how
technological progress will probably afect the wage structure. He con-
cludes his article with a discussion of the main considerations that will
guide the future evolution of the industrial wage system.
WAGES are the main source of income from which Soviet workers,
both manual and non-manual, pay for their food, clothing,
books, articles of everyday use and other material and spiritual
needs. They account for some three-quarters of the workers' total
income and it is government policy to ensure a constantly rising
level of wages.
'The other important source of income is supplied by the State
out of the so-called social funds. It would be impossible to under-
stand Soviet wage policy without fully appreciating how greatly the
consumption expenditure of the workers is affected by these social
funds, which provide various benefits in cash and in kind, including
free education, care of children (either free of charge or at favour-
able rates), free medical treatment, pensions, temporary incapacity
allowances, regular holiday pay, free cultural amenities and sub-
sidies for housing and communal services. Together, these benefits
account for about one-quarter of the real income of the workers.
In addition, social benefits are increasing more rapidly than wages
proper. For example, from 1953-59 wages and salaries rose by
70 per cent., while the total of benefits provided by the social funds
doubled. It is by the satisfaction of material and cultural needs,
through the agency of social funds, that the task of achieving the
complete spiritual and physical development of Soviet citizens is
being achieved.
I Deputy Director of the Labour Research Institute of the State Labour
and Wages Committee, Moscow.

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