30 Hum. Rts. Q. 703 (2008)
How El Rescate, a Small Nongovernmental Organization, Contributed to the Transformation of the Human Rights Situation in El Salvador

handle is hein.journals/hurq30 and id is 711 raw text is: HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY
How El Rescate, a Small
Nongovernmental Organization,
Contributed to the Transformation of the
Human Rights Situation in El Salvador
Todd Howland*
ABSTRACT
How the balance is struck between accountability for past human rights
violations, structural changes that can contribute to a better human rights
future, and achieving peace is examined in this article. The article describes
the efforts of El Rescate, a small NGO, and how through the projects it
developed and implemented facilitated measurable improvement in the
Todd Howland joined El Rescate in 1986 as Directing Attorney of the Legal Department and
later Directing Attorney of the newly created International Legal Department. Following El
Rescate, the Carter Center's Human Rights Program contracted Howland in 1993 to work with
the Office of the Special Prosecutor of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia. Thereafter
he worked for the United Nation's High Commissioner for Human Rights Field Operation
in Rwanda, which contributed to the development of the Rwandan government's response
to the genocide. He headed the UN Human Rights Division of the UN Mission to Angola.
Howland also served as the Director for the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights and
Director of Global Programs of International Rights Advocates. He is currently Professor of
Human Rights Law at the dual degree program of the United Nations-mandated University
for Peace and the Graduate School of International Area Studies at Hankuk University of
Foreign Studies in Seoul, Korea. This work was supported by the Hankuk University of Foreign
Studies Research Fund.
The author would like to thank Annette Larkin and Bella Haiz for being an unending
source of support during the writing of this article, Kristina Aiello, James Robinson, Janzel
Abuel, and Marquel Ramirez for their research assistance and Amy Beer, Libby Cooper, So-
nia Baires, Patrick Ball, and Sushetha Gopallawa for providing comments on earlier drafts.
All errors remain those of the author. The author would also like to thank the numerous
individuals associated with the many projects and efforts discussed in this paper, for without
their collective effort there would be no need for this article. A special recognition goes to
Werner Lottje who recently died of cancer. Werner headed the German Diakonie Human
Rights Desk. He was one of the first people to recognize the potential value of the Index
to Accountability project. By doing so, he provided the kind of support that he did for so
many creative human rights projects around the globe.
Human Rights Quarterly 30 (2008) 703-757 D 2008 by The Johns Hopkins University Press

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