103 Harv. L. Rev. 1749 (1989-1990)
Issue 8

handle is hein.journals/hlr103 and id is 1767 raw text is: VOLUME 103                            JUNE 1990                        NUMBER 8
HARVARD LAW REVIEWI
TELLING STORIES ABOUT WOMEN AND WORK:
JUDICIAL INTERPRETATIONS OF SEX SEGREGATION
IN THE WORKPLACE IN TITLE VII CASES RAISING
THE LACK OF INTEREST ARGUMENT
Vicki Schultz
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
I. INTRODUCTION   ...........................................................     1750
II. THE CONTEXT FOR THE STUDY ............................................ 1758
A. Supreme Court Decisions Addressing the Lack of Interest Argument ......... 1759
B.  M ethodology  ..........................................................   1766
M. THE JUDICIAL FRAMEWORK FOR INTERPRETING SEX SEGREGATION: AN EMPIRICAL
STUDY OF How THE COURTS HAVE DRAWN THE BOUNDARIES BETWEEN
COERCION AND CHOICE ................................................. 1769
A. Early Race Discrimination Doctrine .................................... 177x
B. Sex Discrimination Cases ............................................... 1776
r. The Success and Significance of the Lack of Interest Argument ........... 1776
2. The Relation Between Three Types of Evidence and the Success of the Lack
of  Interest Argument  ................................................  1781
(a) Evidence of Past Employer Discrimination ......................... 1781
(b) Evidence of Special Efforts ....................................... 1789
(c) Anecdotal Evidence of Discrimination ............................. 1793
IV. STORIES ABOUT WOMEN AND WORK: A            RHETORICAL STUDY OF THE TWO
COMPETING JUDICIAL INTERPRETATIONS OF SEX SEGREGATION ................ 1799
A. The Conservative Story of Choice ....................................... I8oo
B. The Liberal Story of Coercion ........................................... 18o6
C. The Need for a New Story .............................................. 1814
V. AN ALTERNATIVE ACCOUNT OF GENDER AND WORK          ......................... 1815
A. The Inadequacy of the Pre-Labor Market Explanation for Sex Segregation in
the  W orkplace  .........................................................  i 816
B. The Construction of Gender in the Workplace ............................. 1824
x. The Structures of Mobility and Reward for Traditionally Female Jobs ..... 1827
2. The Work Cultures of Traditionally Male Jobs .......................... 1832
VI. CONCLUSION: THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE NEW ACCOUNT FOR THE LAW ........ 1839

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