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18 Helsinki Monitor 246 (2007)
The Shanghai Cooperation and the OSCE: Two of a Kind

handle is hein.journals/helsnk18 and id is 256 raw text is: The Shanghai Cooperation and the OSCE:
Two of a kind?
Marcel de Haas'
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a regional international
organisation comprising states in Europe, the Near East, Central Asia and
South East Asia. The sco regulates of cooperation in political, military,
economic, energy and cultural fields. sco member states have a population of
nearly 1.5 billion people, which is about a quarter of the total world
population. Including the four observers, the SCO even encompasses nearly half
of the world's population. Furthermore, in addition to the member states Russia
and China, the observers India and Pakistan bring together four nuclear
powers, whereas the observer Iran might well be on the road to reaching that
status. The total area occupied by sco member states is 3/5 of the territory of
Eurasia.2 An important ingredient of economic cooperation is energy, in which
Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Iran are big exporters - and China and
India are significant importers. The size of the armed forces of China and
Russia belong to the top three in the world.3 Russia and even more so China are
the leading actors of the sco. Comprising a considerable territory in and
around Central Asia, a large part of the world's population, energy sources,
nuclear arms and significant armed forces, the sco in theory has a formidable
economic, political and military potential.
Why would the sco be of any interest to the Organization for Security and
Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)? For example, because of shared activities and
objectives, such as arms control. But also because of the geographical area they
largely have in common. Furthermore, and perhaps the most important reason,
because both organisations are active players in international security and are
thus likely to have a similar interest in advancing the international rule of law
I    Lieutenant-Colonel Dr M. de Haas has a PhD in Russian security studies and is a Senior
Research Fellow in the military doctrine, strategy and security policy of the Netherlands,
NATO, the EU, Russia and the cis, at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations
'Clingendael' in The Hague.
2    Brief   introduction  to    the    Shanghai    Cooperation   Organisation,
http://www.sectsco.org/html/00026.html; The sco members and observers account for
some 2.7 billion people out of 6.4 billion of the world's population (Source: 2005 World
Population Data Sheet, www.prb.org).
3    Nothing in the present framework Convention shall be interpreted as implying any right to
engage in any activity or perform any act contrary to the fundamental principles of
international law and in particular of the sovereign equality, territorial integrity and political
independence of States. Council of Europe - ETS no. 57 - Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities, Article 21

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