7 Geo. J. Gender & L. 357 (2006)
Child Marriage and Guardianship in Tanzania: Robbing Girls of Their Childhood and Infantilizing Women

handle is hein.journals/grggenl7 and id is 367 raw text is: REPORTS
CHILD MARRIAGE AND GUARDIANSHIP IN TANZANIA:
ROBBING GIRLs OF THEIR CHILDHOOD AND
INFANTILIZING WOMEN
TAMAR EZER, KATE KERR, KARA MAJOR, APARNA POLAVARAPU &
TINA TOLENTINO
EDITOR: TAMAR EZER*
I. INTRODUCTION .......................................... 359
A. TANZANIA'S CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL
OBLIGATIONS REQUIRE ABOLITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE AND
GuARDIANsHIP ...................................... 363
B. TANZANIAN CITIZENS DESIRE ABOLITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE
AND GuARDIANSHIP .................................. 365
II. CHILD MARRIAGE: TANZANIAN LAWS PERMITTING CHILD
MARRIAGE VIOLATE WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND INHIBIT TANZANIA'S
DEVELOPMENT .......................................... 367
A. DOMESTIC LAW AUTHORIZES CHILD MARRIAGE,
DEVASTATING GIRLS AND THEIR FAMILIES ...............     367
B. AGE OF MARRIAGE LAWS DISCRIMINATE AGAINST GIRLS,
THEREBY VIOLATING THEIR RIGHT TO EQUALITY ..........     369
1. Age of Marriage Laws Discriminate Between Girls and
Boys .......................................... 369
2. Discriminatory Treatment in Child Marriage Laws
Violate the Constitution and International Law .......  371
3. Generalized Stereotypes Do Not Justify Equal
Protection Violations ............................. 371
C. CHILD MARRIAGE VIOLATES WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S
RIGHT TO PHYSICAL INTEGRITY ........................     372
1. Women and Children Are Dying: Early Childbearing
and an Increased Exposure to HIV...................  373
* This article is a result of a collaboration between Georgetown's International Women's Human
Rights Clinic (Clinic), directed by Professor Susan Deller Ross, and Tanzania's Women's Legal Aid
Centre (WLAC), directed by Scholastica Jullu. The initial report and proposed statutes were drafted by
Spring 2005 Clinic students: Kate Kerr, Kara Major, Aparna Polavarapu, and Tina Tolentino under the
supervision of Clinic attorney-fellow Tamar Ezer and WLAC attorneys Alphonse Katemi and Jane
Magigita. The Spring 2005 fact-finding team also included the following participants: Clinic attorney
Nancy Stafford; Steptoe & Johnson LLP attorney Meredith Rathbone; WLAC attorneys Magdalena
Acquilin, Safina Hassan, Rehema Kerefu-Sameji, Mary Njau, and Jane Salomo; and WLAC interning
student Hery Saburi. This project was made possible through the generous support of an Anonymous
Donor. This article is a revised and edited version of the initial report, prepared by Tamar Ezer.

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