15 Duke J. Comp. & Int'l L. 281 (2004-2005)
Canada/United States Military Interoperability and Humanitarian Law Issues: Land Mines, Terrorism, Military Objectives and Targeted Killing

handle is hein.journals/djcil15 and id is 287 raw text is: CANADA/UNITED STATES
MILITARY INTEROPERABILITY AND
HUMANITARIAN LAW ISSUES: LAND MINES,
TERRORISM, MILITARY OBJECTIVES AND
TARGETED KILLING
COLONEL KENNETH WATKIN*
Our nations play independent roles in the world, yet our purposes
are complementary. We have important work ahead.... The first
great commitment is to defend our security and spread freedom by
building effective multinational and multilateral institutions and sup-
porting effective multilateral action.
President George Bush1
I. INTRODUCTION
The post 9/11 period has the appearance of being a particularly
divisive one for practitioners of international humanitarian law. Con-
troversies have surrounded the prosecution of war against terror-
ism; coalition operations in Iraq; and the categorization and treat-
ment of detainees.      The conduct of military operations at the
commencement of the 21' century has also shone a bright spotlight on
traditional tensions in humanitarian law, such as the application of
that law to conflicts between state and non-state actors .    A particu-
Copyright  2005 by Colonel Kenneth Watkin
* Colonel Kenneth Watkin is the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Operations for the
Canadian Forces. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not nec-
essarily reflect the views of the Government of Canada, the Canadian Forces, or the Office of
the Judge Advocate General. This commentary is based on a presentation given at the U.S.-
Canadian Security Relations: Partnership or Predicament? Conference sponsored by the Center
on Law, Ethics and National Security, Duke University, April 2004.
1. Speech  given  at Halifax, Nova  Scotia, Canada  (Dec. 1, 2004), at
http://www.whitehouse.gov/ news/releases/2004/12/20041201-4.html (last visited Feb. 28, 2005).
2. CHRiSTINE GRAY, INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE USE OF FORCE 165-67 (2d ed.
2004).

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