38 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 465 (2004-2005)
Et Tu, Fair Use - The Triumph of Natural-Law Copyright

handle is hein.journals/davlr38 and id is 477 raw text is: Et Tu, Fair Use? The Triumph of
Natural-Law Copyright
John Tehranian
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IN TRO DUCTION    ................................................................................................ 466
I. THE SEEMING TRIUMPH OF INSTRUMENTALISM: COPYRIGHT
LAW   IN  THE  EARLY  YEARS .................................................................. 467
A .  The  English  Background .............................................................. 467
B.   The Creation of American Copyright ........................................... 470
C.   Wheaton: The Apparent Victory of Utilitarian Copyright ........ 472
D. The Early Copyright Decisions: Abridgement, Translation
and the Focus on Transformative Use .......................................... 474
II. NATURAL-LAW REDUX: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FAIR USE
D O CTRIN E  ............................................................................................ 480
A. Folsom v. Marsh: Justice Story and the Betrayal of a
Utilitarian  Vision  of  Copyright ................................................... 481
B. The Hegemony of Natural-Law Copyright: Fair Use and Its
P rog eny  ........................................................................................ 486
III. TRANSFORMATIVE USE AND PROGRESS IN THE ARTS ........................ 492
A.   The Need for Transformative Use ................................................ 493
B.   The Failure of Fair Use to Protect Progress in the Arts ............... 495
C. Borrowing and Progress in the Arts: Smells Like Teen
S p irit ............................................................................................ 5 04
C O N CLU SIO N   ................................................................................................... 507

. Associate Professor, University of Utah, S.J. Quinney College of Law. I would like to
thank the University of Utah College of Law Research Fund for its support and Mark
Bartholomew, Anne Joseph, David Nimmer and Geoffrey Rapp for their helpful comments.

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