13 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 439 (1981)
Non-Aligned Nations

handle is hein.journals/cwrint13 and id is 449 raw text is: INTRODUCTION

Non-Aligned Nations
by Justice E.N.P. Sowah*
These articles on non-alignment are of particular importance in to-
day's conditions. The superpowers of the world are poised for confronta-
tion and are spending huge sums of money on armaments at a time when
Third World nations are trying to salvage their economies weakened by
both imported and domestic inflations. It was in such an environment of
confrontation that the Non-Aligned Movement was born. Its birth could
be traced to the Bandung Conference of April, 1955, which marked the
first assembly of emergent nations for the purpose of defining their role in
global politics. The Conference was convened by the Governments of
Burma, Ceylon, India, Indonesia, and Pakistan and attended by 24 other
Asian and African countries. The concept of non-aligment was Asian in
origin.
At the end of the Bandung Conference, the communique which was
issued set out defined objectives: cooperation amongst the Asian and Afri-
can countries both in the economic and the cultural fields and the elimi-
nation of colonialism in all its manifestations.
It ought to be recalled that in 1955 almost the whole of black Africa
was under the colonial yoke. The scramble for Africa left it divided
amongst the European imperialists: Britain, France, and Portugal.
The Non-Aligned Movement called for the promotion of world peace,
cooperation, and the elimination of tension in the world. The European
powers, the Soviet Union, and the United States of America were stock-
piling nuclear weapons and hoarding arms for common destruction.
These emerging nations were apprehensive that their independence
might be compromised if there was another conflagration between the
superpowers. It was their hope, as it is today, that the resources saved
from the arms race would be used for their economic advancement and
benefit.
The Movement also called for support of fundamental principles of
* Supreme Court of Ghana
t As of December 31, 1981, the Ghanaian constitution was suspended by the Military
Government.

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