38 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 167 (2006-2007)
The Gender Liens are Marked with Razor Wire: Addressing State Prison Policies and Practices for the Management of Transgender Prisoners

handle is hein.journals/colhr38 and id is 173 raw text is: THE GENDER LINES ARE MARKED WITH
RAZOR WIRE: ADDRESSING STATE PRISON
POLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR THE
MANAGEMENT OF TRANSGENDER
PRISONERS
Sydney Tarzwell*
The dominant binary understanding of gender is a powerful
coercive force: individuals are pressured to conform to cultural ideals
of male or female from the moment they are assigned a sex on
their birth certificate. Refusal or inability to conform to gender
expectations that align with one's assigned sex can have drastic
repercussions. Transgender individuals' face pervasive social and
B.A., Princeton University (2000); J.D., Columbia Law   School
(expected  2007); Submissions and   Notes Editor, Columbia    Human
Rights Law Review (2006 - 2007). I would like to thank Dean Spade for
his role in inspiring and supporting this project. I would also like
to thank Alex Lee, Melissa Elwell, Caitlin Daniel-McCarter, Davim
Horowitz, Franklin Romeo, Naureen Shah, and Nicole Altman for their
contributions and  insights. Finally, I would like   to  thank  those
correctional staff  who were willing  to speak   candidly, and   most
especially the prisoners who have refused to be silenced.
1.   I use the terms transgender, gender transgressive, and gender non-
conforming to refer to persons whose identity or lived experience do not conform
to the identity or experiences typically associated with the sex assigned to that
person at birth. Franklin H. Romeo, Beyond a Medical Model: Advocating for a
New Conception of Gender Identity in the Law, 36 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 713,
713 n.1 (2005). These broad and fluid terms include, but are not limited to, people
who identify or live some or all of the time as a gender other than that assigned
at birth, people   with  intersex  conditions, transsexuals, genderqueers,
transvestites, drag  kings  and  queens, women    displaying  masculine
characteristics, men displaying feminine characteristics, and anyone whose
performance of gender calls into question the construct of gender itself. Kate
Bornstein, Gender Outlaw 121 (Vintage 1995). These categories encompass those

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