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93 Cornell L. Rev. 621 (2007-2008)
Torturous Consequences and the Case of Maher Arar: Can Canadian Solutions Cure the Due Process Deficiencies in U.S. Removal Proceedings

handle is hein.journals/clqv93 and id is 627 raw text is: NOTE
TORTUROUS CONSEQUENCES AND THE CASE OF
MAHER ARAR: CAN CANADIAN SOLUTIONS CURE
THE DUE PROCESS DEFICIENCIES IN U.S.
REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS?
Erin Craddockt
INTRODUCTION   .................................................  621
I. LEGAL AND FACTUAL BACKGROUND ......................... 623
A. Legal Background .................................... 623
1.  U.S.  Law  ........................................  623
2.  Canadian  Law  ...................................  628
B. Factual Background of the Case of Maher Arar ..... 634
II. THE APPLICATION OF U.S. AND CANADIAN LAW TO THE
FACTS OFARAR'S CASE ...................................... 637
A. U.S. Law .............................................. 637
1. Inadmissibility and the Order of Removal ........... 637
2.  Country  of Removal ..............................  637
3.  Judicial Review  ...................................  640
B.  Canadian  Law  ......................................  646
1. Inadmissibility and the Order of Removal ........... 646
III. THE PROBLEM WITH UNCHECKED DISCRETION AND A
PROPOSED SOLUTION ...................................... 649
A. The Current Process Afforded ...................... 650
B. The Constitutional Adequacy of the Process
Afforded  ...........................................  650
C.  A  Possible  Solution  .................................  653
CONCLUSION   ...................................................  657
INTRODUCTION
Aliens have never enjoyed the full protection of the Bill of
Rights.1 Aliens arriving at the U.S. border are entitled to little, if any,
t B.A., University of Toronto, 2005; candidate for J.D., Cornell Law School, 2008;
Symposium Editor, Volume 93, Cornell Law Review. I would like to thank Professor Stephen
W. Yale-Loehr for his insight and guidance, Japneet Bhandal for her patience in explaining
Canadian immigration law, and my family and friends for their support.
1 See Mathews v. Diaz, 426 U.S. 67, 78 n.12 (1976) (The Constitution protects the
privileges and immunities only of citizens .. ); id. at 78 ([A] host of constitutional and
statutory provisions rest on the premise that a legitimate distinction between citizens and
aliens may justify attributes and benefits for one class not accorded to the other .. ).

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