87 B.U. L. Rev. 1113 (2007)
Intrastate Preemption

handle is hein.journals/bulr87 and id is 1123 raw text is: INTRASTATE PREEMPTION
PAUL DILLER*
IN TRO D U CTIO N  .............................................................................................  1114
I. How CITIES BECAME POLICY INNOVATORS ..................................... 1117
A.   The Old Regime of Dillon's Rule ............................................... 1122
B.   The Emergence of Home Rule ................................................... 1124
C.   Competing Normative Assessments of Home Rule .................... 1127
1.  Justifications for Hom e  Rule ............................................... 1127
2.  Criticism s of H om e  Rule ..................................................... 1132
II. IMPLIED PREEMPTION AS A TOOL OF INTEREST GROUPS ................... 1133
A. Frequent Opponents of Local Regulation .................................. 1134
B. Intrastate Implied Preemption Doctrine .................................... 1140
1. Prohibit/Permit and More Stringent ................... 1142
2.  O ccupation  of the  Field ................................................... 1153
Il. A NEW APPROACH TO IMPLIED PREEMPTION: PRESERVING STATE
SUPREMACY WHILE PROTECTING GOOD-FAITH LOCAL POLICY
IN N O V A TIO N  ......................................................................................  1157
A.   The Judiciary's Institutional Advantages in the Context of
P reem p tion  ................................................................................  1159
1.  G eographic  Im partiality ....................................................... 1160
2.  Tem  pered  Political Insulation .............................................. 1164
3 .  S p eed  ...................................................................................  116 6
B.   Substantial Interference with State Law .................................... 1168
C O N C LU SIO N   .................................................................................................  1175
City policy experimentation is a catalyst for change at the state and national
levels. From gay rights to the environment to public health, cities and other
forms of local government are adopting new and innovative policies in the
wake of inaction by the higher levels of government. The legality of these
policies is frequently challenged, however, by claims that a city's ordinance
has been preempted by state law. Despite the crucial importance of intrastate
preemption to the question of city power, it has heretofore received scant
academic attention.     This paper demonstrates how, as currently applied,
intrastate preemption dampens local policy innovation, which has a negative
* Assistant Professor of Law, Willamette University College of Law. I thank Rich Birke,
Stephen Crowley, Jennifer Evert, Hans Linde, Nick Rosenkranz, and Joe Singer, as well as
all of the participants in the February 2007 Willamette Valley Junior Faculty Workshop, for
their valuable comments. Lisa Findlay and Hadley Rose provided excellent research
assistance. I am grateful to Georgetown University Law Center and Chris Knott in
particular for allowing me to use the Law Center's library as a Visiting Scholar. I also thank
Dean Symeon Symeonides for supporting this project through a summer research grant.
1113

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