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33 B. C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 449 (2006)
Development Aid in an Environmental Context: Using Microfinance to Promote Equitable and Sustainable Water Use in the Nile Basin

handle is hein.journals/bcenv33 and id is 457 raw text is: DEVELOPMENT AID IN AN
ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT: USING
MICROFINANCE TO PROMOTE
EQUITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE WATER
USE IN THE NILE BASIN
SHREEVANI SUVARNA*
Abstract: Water resource management plays a critical role in everything
from the viability of individual communities to regional political stability.
Nowhere is this more apparent than in the Nile Basin. The Nile Basin Ini-
tiative (NBI) is a recent effort to overcome historical clashes over use of
the Nile's waters in order to achieve a basin-wide framework for trans-
boundary cooperation. One element of NBI focuses on community-level
action in furtherance of transboundary cooperation, and includes a mi-
crogrant program to help achieve its goals. Significantly, however, NBI
does not include a microcredit program. This Note argues that, in light of
the deep connections between inadequate water resources and the mar-
ginalization of women and the poor, NBI should supplement its micro-
grant program with microcredit programs to further its goals. More
broadly, this Note advocates for the use of microcredit programs-which
are generally implemented only in the development aid arena-in an en-
vironmental context.
Itemational Year of
INTRODUCTION t
Thirty years ago, Egypt, a lower riparian of the Nile, yet a domi-
nant regional power, issued military threats against its upstream neigh-
* Managing Editor, BOSTON COLLEGE ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS LAW REVIEW, 2005-06.
The author dedicates this article in loving memory of her father, who first opened her eyes
to water resource management. The author extends appreciation to family, friends, and
teachers for their unending encouragement.
t The above logo is for the United Nations International Year of Microcredit (2005). It
signifies projects that further the goals of the program-increasing awareness of and inno-
vative uses for microcredit.

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