27 Am. J. Int'l L. 649 (1933)
Membership in the Universal Postal Union

handle is hein.journals/ajil27 and id is 657 raw text is: MEMBERSHIP IN THE UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION
Assistant in the Institute of Comparative Law,
University of Paris
The Universal Postal Union is one of the oldest of the existing interstate
organizations. It has a continuous record of useful service to the interna-
tional community, extending over a period of almost sixty years. It was first
established as the Union Ggndrale des Postes in 1874, and it has borne its
present name since 1878. A study of its structure has raised many interest-
ink points with reference to its membership, and has revealed innovations of
which little account has been taken by writers on international law, but
which may have significance for the theory and the practical development
of international personality. On the other hand, certain ambiguities of the
texts of the Postal Conventions may be pointed out, which might be con-
veniently avoided in future enactments.
The following is a list of the main instruments, defining the organization
and the scope of the Union, from its inception and up to the present day:
Treaty of Berne, of October 9, 1874
Arrangement of Berne, of January 27, 1876
Convention of Paris, of June 1, 1878
Additional Act of Lisbon, of March 21, 1885
Convention of Vienna, of July 4, 1891
Convention of Washington, of June 15, 1897
Convention of Rome, of May 26, 1906
Convention of Madrid, of November 30, 1920
Convention of Stockholm, of August 28, 1924
Convention of London, of June 28, 19291
1The texts will be found in the publications of the Postal Union and in the official pub-
lications of the participating states, as well as in the following collections: Treaty of Berne-
Martens, Nouveau Recueil Gbz~ral de Trait~s, 2e srie, Vol. 1, p. 651, British & Foreign State
Papers, Vol. 65; Arrangement of Berne-Martens, id., p. 660, State Papers, Vol. 67; Con-
vention of Paris-Martens, Vol. 3, p. 699, State Papers, Vol. 69; Additional Act of Lisbon-
Martens, Vol. 11, p. 1, State Papers, Vol. 76; Convention of Vienna-Martens, Vol. 17, p.
628, State Papers, Vol. 83; Convention of Washington-Martens, Vol. 28, p. 453, State
Papers, Vol. 89; Convention of Rome-Martens, 3e s6rie, Vol. 1, p. 355, State Papers, Vol.
99; Convention of Madrid-Martens, Vol. 15, p. 722, State Papers, Vol. 114; Convention of
Stockholm-Martens, Vol. 19, p. 345; Convention of London-League of Nations Treaty
Series, Vol. 102, p. 245, Hudson, International Legislation, Vol. 4, p. 2869. The official
language of all Postal Conventions is French. The texts quoted in the present article fol-
low the translation of the League of Nations Treaty Series, for the Convention of 1929,
and that of the U. S. Statutes, for the preceding conventions.

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