45 Admin. L. Rev. 343 (1993)
Disclosing Lobbying Activities: A Critical Examination of the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act and the Byrd Amendment

handle is hein.journals/admin45 and id is 355 raw text is: 343
DISCLOSING LOBBYING
ACTIVITIES: A CRITICAL
EXAMINATION OF THE FEDERAL
REGULATION OF LOBBYING ACT
AND THE BYRD AMENDMENT
Stanley M. Brand*
Stephen M. Ryan**
Margit H. Nahra * * *
I.  IN T R O D U C T IO N   ...........................................................  345
II.  TH E  LO BBYIN G  ACT   .....................................................  346
A. Summary of the Lobbying Act's Provisions ......................... 347
1. Registration and Reporting Requirements ....................... 347
2 .  P en alties  .................................................................  34 7
B. Misconceptions Concerning the Lobbying Act's Coverage ...... 347
1. Misconceptions Concerning the Definition of Lobbying
U nder  the  A ct  .........................................   . . ..........  347
2. Misconceptions Concerning Communications Covered
b y  th e  A ct  ...............................................................  3 48
C. Recordkeeping   and  Reporting  Issues  .................................  349
1.  Item ization  ..............................................................  349
2. Reporting by Multi-purpose Individuals and Organizations     350
3.  Contingency  Fee  Arrangements  ....................................  351
D. Enforcement of the  Lobbying  Act  .....................................  351
III. THE  BYRD    AM  ENDM   ENT   ..............................................  352
A. Summary of the Byrd Amendment's Provisions .................... 352
B. The Prohibition Against the Use of Appropriated Funds for
L obbying  A ctivities  .......................................................  353
Brand & Lowell, P.C., Washington, D.C. Mr. Brand is formerly General Counsel to the Clerk of
the U.S. House of Representatives.
•* Brand & Lowell, P.C., Washington, D.C. Mr. Ryan is formerly General Counsel to the U.S.
Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that has legislative and oversight jurisdiction over the lob-
bying laws; Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia, and Deputy Counsel to the Presi-
dent's Commission on Organized Crime.
•** Brand & Lowell, P.C., Washington, D.C. Ms. Nahra is a graduate of the University of Virginia
School of Law and served as a law clerk to United States District Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr.

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