29 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 543 (2010-2011)
The Need for State Redistricting Reform to Rein in Partisan Gerrymandering

handle is hein.journals/yalpr29 and id is 545 raw text is: YALE LAW & POLICY REVIEW
The Need for State Redistricting Reform
To Rein in Partisan Gerrymandering
J. Gerald Hebert* & Marina K. Jenkins**
As long as ours is a representative form of government, and our legisla-
tures are those instruments of government elected directly by and directly
representative of the people, the right to elect legislators in a free and un-
impaired fashion is a bedrock of our political system.
- Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533, 562 (1964)
INTRODUCTION
Every ten years, as directed by the Constitution, the U.S. Census Bureau
conducts an actual Enumeration of American residents.' Upon release of the
official population numbers, U.S. congressional seats are reapportioned among
the states, depending on which states have gained seats and which have lost.
J. Gerald Hebert (Gerry), a sole practitioner in Alexandria, Virginia, specializes
in election law and redistricting. He currently serves as the Executive Director and
Director of Litigation at the Campaign Legal Center, in Washington, D.C. Mr.
Hebert spent more than twenty years in the Department of Justice, where he
served in many supervisory capacities, including Acting Chief, Deputy Chief, and
Special Litigation Counsel in the Voting Section of the Civil Rights Division. He
has served as a part-time staff attorney for the national office of the Lawyers'
Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, in Washington, D.C., where he specia-
lized in voting rights cases, and as General Counsel to IMPAC 2000, the National
Redistricting Project for Congressional Democrats. Mr. Hebert has served as an
Adjunct Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center, where he taught
courses on voting rights, election law, and campaign finance regulation; taught
election law at the American University's Washington College of Law; and taught
voting rights law at the University of Virginia School of Law.
Marina K. Jenkins is an associate in the Litigation Department at Jenner & Block
LLP in Washington, D.C. Ms. Jenkins received an A.B. in History and a Certificate
in African American Studies from Princeton University. She earned her J.D. from
Stanford Law School in 2010. During law school, Ms. Jenkins served as the Pub-
lishing Editor for the Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. Special
thanks to Nicholas Stephanopoulos for his ideas, feedback, and support.
1.   U.S. CONST. art. I, § 2, cl. 3.

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