14 Urb. Law. 31 (1982)
Gentrification-Caused Displacement

handle is hein.journals/urban14 and id is 79 raw text is: Gentrification-Caused
Displacement*
Richard T. LeGatest
Associate Professor of Urban Studies, San Francisco
State University, San Francisco, Cal.;
Member, California bar;
Coauthor, urban studies textbook, CITY LIGHTS:
AN INVITATION TO URBAN LIVING
(New York: Oxford, 1981).
Chester Hartmant
Visiting Fellow, Institute for Policy Studies,
Washington, D.C.;
Fellow, Research Institute of the
Legal Services Corporation;
Coeditor (with Jon Pynoos and Robert Schafer),
HoUSING URBAN AMERICA (New York: Aldine, 1980).
I. Introduction
RECENT CITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD STUDIES have examined the new
phenomenon of gentrification-caused displacement, the involun-
tary dislocation of households from city neighborhoods as more
affluent households compete with them for the desirable older
housing stock. Data collected independently in sixteen separate
studies fit together to provide a picture which corroborates some
aspects of the phenomenon as popularly depicted, but contradicts
others.
The recent city and neighborhood studies of gentrification-
caused displacement are important because debate about the na-
ture of gentrification displacement in the United States has thus far
proceeded largely in an evidentiary vacuum. Aside from five
pioneering empirical studies,' most of the large volume of writing
on the subject has been conjectural or anecdotal. As late as 1979,
*Copyright © 1981. Chester Hartman and Richard T. LeGates. All rights
reserved.
The research reported herein was conducted pursuant to a grant from the
United States Legal Services Corporation. The views expressed are those of the
authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Legal Services Corporation
or the United States Government.
tCoauthors (with Dennis Keating), practitioner's book, DISPLACEMENT: How
TO FIGHT IT, (Berkeley: National Housing Law Project, 1981).
1. Black, Private Market Housing in Central Cities: A Survey, URB. LAND
(Nov. 1975); P. CLAY, NEIGHBORHOOD RENEWAL (Lexington Books, Lexington,
Mass. 1979); D. GALE, THE BACK-TO-THE-CITY MOVEMENT . . . OR IS IT?: A
SURVEY OF RECENT HOMEOWNERS IN THE MOUNT PLEASANT NEIGHBORHOOD OF

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