18 UCLA Women's L.J. 107 (2010-2012)
Role of Misogyny and Homophobia in Prison Sexual Abuse

handle is hein.journals/uclawo18 and id is 109 raw text is: THE ROLE OF MISOGYNY AND
HOMOPHOBIA IN PRISON
SEXUAL ABUSE
Terry A. Kupers, M.D., M.S.P.*
I. MISOGYNY IN PRISON CULTURE .................. 108
A. Misogyny in Women's Facilities .............. 109
B. An Equivalent Culture of Misogyny in Men's
Prisons....    ........................... 112
II. ADDING HOMOPHOBIA TO THE MIX ............... 113
III. STAFF SHARE THE SAME PRISON CULTURE WITH
PRISONERS    .................................... 116
IV. THE EXTENT OF MISOGYNY AND HOMOPHOBIA IN
PRISON CULTURE ............................... 120
V. NPREC, PRISON CULTURE AND ZERO
TOLERANCE................................... 124
The National Prison Rape Elimination Commission
(NPREC) recently published standards for the prevention and
response to prison rape and other forms of sexual abuse. Man-
dated by the 2003 federal Prison Rape Elimination Act
(PREA),' the standards are the culmination of six years of
hearings and deliberations by the NPREC. The first chapter of
the standards for adult jails and prisons, Prevention and Re-
sponse Planning, begins:
The agency has a written policy mandating zero tolerance to-
ward all forms of sexual abuse and enforces that policy by en-
suring all of its facilities comply with the PREA standards ....
Eliminating sexual abuse in confinement requires first and
foremost a commitment to safety as a core mandate of con-
* Institute Professor, The Wright Institute. Mailing address: 8 Wildwood Ave-
nue, Oakland, California 94610. Email: kupers@igc.org. The author is grateful to
Deborah LaBelle for her understanding of the importance of prison culture as back-
drop to sexual abuse.
1. Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, Pub. L. No. 108-79, 17 Stat. 972
(2003).

107

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