28 Tul. Mar. L.J. 271 (2003-2004)
Won't You Let Me Take You on a Sea Cruise: The Americans with Disabilities Act and Cruise Ships

handle is hein.journals/tulmar28 and id is 279 raw text is: Won't You Let Me Take You on a Sea Cruise:
The Americans with Disabilities Act
and Cruise Ships
Curtis D. Edmonds*
I.    IN TRODUCTION   ................................................................................. 271
II.   THRESHOLD    ISSUES  .......................................................................... 274
A .   Scope  oftheA  DA   ................................................................... 274
B.    Statute  ofLim  'tatons .............................................................. 274
C     Standing   ................................................................................... 275
D     Extratenitoriality  .................................................................... 278
III. ARCHITECTURAL BARRIERS ............................................................. 283
IV    REASONABLE MODIFICATION ........................................................... 289
V     C ONCLUSION    .................................................................................... 291
I.   INTRODUCTION
Like most Americans, people with disabilities enjoy traveling and
taking   vacations.    A   study   commissioned     by   the Travel Industry
Association of America and two nonprofit groups revealed that
Americans with disabilities spent $13.6 billion dollars in travel expenses
in 2002. A significant portion of that amount was spent on cruise ships,
with twelve percent of people with disabilities surveyed reporting that
they went on a cruise in the last five years, and with fifty-nine percent of
those taking a cruise reporting that they booked a return trip! It's a
good market to go after, a travel industry spokeswoman said.' It
behooves the travel market to pay attention to these special needs.
Cruising is very accessible for me, a frequent cruise passenger
with cerebral palsy told the Toronto Star Anything I could possibly
*    Education and Technology Specialist, Southeast Disability and Business Technical
Assistance Center, Center for Assistive Technology and Environmental Access, College of
Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology. Member, State Bar of Texas. J.D. 1994, University
of Texas School of Law; B.A. 1990, Baylor University.
1.   Deborah Alexander, Vacationing with Disabilities: New Tmvel Market Is Opening
Up, OMAHA WORLD HERALD, May 23, 2003, at 2D.
2.    Id.
3.    Id.
4.    Id.
5.    Diane McDougall, Ships Meet SpecialNeeds, TORONTO STAR, Dec. 1, 2002, at T3.
271

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