6 J. Int'l L & Int'l Rel. 35 (2010-2011)
Partial Compliance: A Comparison of the European and Inter-American Courts of Human Rights

handle is hein.journals/jilwirl6 and id is 43 raw text is: Partial Compliance
A Comparison of the European and Inter-American Courts of
Human Rights
DARREN HAWKINS AND WADE JACOBY
I.  INTRODUCTION   ............................................................................... 35
II. DEFINING AND EXPLAINING COMPLIANCE:
CLARIFYING THE CURRENT DEBATE............................................39
III. COMPARING REGIMES:
CHECKLIST VS. DELEGATIVE COMPLIANCE..................................43
1.  M EASURING  COMPLIANCE ...................................................... 44
2. MEASURING COMPLIANCE: THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT.......45
3. MEASURING COMPLIANCE: THE EUROPEAN COURT .........51
IV. PARTIAL COMPLIANCE: GENERAL PATTERNS................................55
1. THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT.............................56
2. THE EUROPEAN COURT             ................................66
3. TYPES OF PARTIAL COMPLIANCE:
THE IACHR AND ECTHR COMPARED..................................77
V .  CONCLUSIONS................................................................................. 83
I. Introduction
Expectations about the level of state compliance with international
human rights norms vary widely, but tend to cluster around the extremes of
high compliance or low compliance. Legal scholars such as Louis Henkin',
and Abram Chayes and Antonia Chayes,2 suggest that most states obey most
laws most of the time. In the same vein, some political scientists suggest that
when international institutions socialize states, the result is either stable
compliance with international rules or an even deeper transformation of
. Professors of Political Science at Brigham Young University. The authors thank Karen Alter,
Rachel Cichowski, Samantha Besson, Laurence Helfer, Mikhail Lobov, Will Moore, Beth
Simmons, Jeffrey Staton, and participants in various roundtables and workshops for helpful
comments on earlier drafts. Heidi Gasparrini, Moises Costa, Britney Draney, Annie Fuller, and
Nicholas Jones provided valuable research assistance.
' Louis Henkin, How Nations Behave: Law and Foreign Policy, 2d ed. (New York Columbia
University Press, 1979) at 47.
2Abram Chayes & Antonia Chayes, On Compliance (1993) 47 Int'l Org. 175.
@ Journal of International Law and International Relations
Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 35-85. ISSN: 1712-2988.

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