7 Intercultural Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 277 (2012)
Equality, Procedural Justice, and the World Trade Organization

handle is hein.journals/ichuman7 and id is 287 raw text is: EQUALITY, PROCEDURAL JUSTICE, AND THE
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
ADAM S. CHILTON & RYAN W. DAVIS*
1. Introduction
How can a moral concern for equality be implemented within
international institutions?   After several years of debate, legal
theorists and political philosophers have moved toward the view that
equality at least sometimes matters within international politics.'
Plenty of disagreement remains, but for this article we will take for
granted that equality is a political concern within at least some
international institutions.2 With surprisingly few exceptions, this is
* Dep't. of Govt., Harvard University (adamchilton@fas.harvard.edu); Dep't of
Philosophy, Harvard University (ryandavis@fas.harvard.edu). We would like to
thank Charles Beitz, Britt Cramer, Jessica Flanigan, Javier Hidalgo, Mareike
Kleine, Stephen Macedo, Melissa Lane, and Philip Pettit for helpful comments and
advice. Ryan Davis would also like to thank the Institute for Humane Studies for
financial support.
1 Thomas Nagel, The Problem of Global Justice, 33 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 113
(2005). This provocative piece sparked academic discussion of global justice. For
early and influential criticisms of Nagel, see A.J. Julius, Nagel's Atlas, 34 PHIL. &
PUB. AFF. 1 (2006); Joshua Cohen & Charles Sabel, Extra Rempublicam Nulla
Justitia?, 34 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 147 (2006).  See also Arash Abizadeh,
Cooperation, Pervasive Impact, and Coercion: On the Scope (not Site) of
Distributive Justice, 35 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 318 (2007); Eric Cavallero, Coercion,
Inequality and the International Property Regime, 18 J. POL. PHIL. 16 (2010);
Andreas Follesdal, The Distributive Justice of a Global Basic Structure: A
Category Mistake?, 10 PHIL. POL. & ECoN. 46 (2011).
2 For those who deny that equality ever matters beyond the state, a position
we call statism, see DAviD MILLER, NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY AND GLOBAL
JUSTICE (2007); Andrea Sangiovanni, Global Justice, Reciprocity, and the State,
35 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 3 (2007); Joseph Heath, Rawls on Global Distributive
Justice: A Defense, in GLOBAL JUSTICE, GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS 193 (Daniel
Weinstock ed., 2005); Samuel Freeman, The Law of Peoples, Social Cooperation,
Human Rights, and Distributive Justice, 23 SOC. PHIL. & POL'Y 29 (2006); JOHN
RAWLS, THE LAW OF PEOPLES (1999); Michael Blake, Distributive Justice, State
Coercion, and Autonomy, 30 PHIL. & PUB. AFF. 257 (2002).

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