39 Cornell Int'l L.J. 71 (2006)
Legal Aspects of Stopping Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in U.N. Peacekeeping Operations

handle is hein.journals/cintl39 and id is 79 raw text is: Legal Aspects of Stopping Sexual
Exploitation and Abuse in U.N.
Peacekeeping Operations
Anthony J. Millerl
Introduction  .....................................................   72
I.  Application  of the  Standards  .............................  75
A .  U .N . O fficials  .........................................  75
B. Experts on Mission: U.N. Civilian Police, U.N. Military
O bservers  ............................................   77
C.  U .N . Volunteers  .......................................  78
D. Individual Contractors and Consultants ................     79
E. Military Members of National Contingents .............      80
F. A General Code of Conduct for All Peacekeeping
Personnel  .............................................   83
II. Enforcement of the Standards ............................     83
A.  The  Investigation  .....................................  83
B. Enforcement as a Matter of Civil and Criminal Law ....      86
1.  Civil Accountability  ................................  86
2.  Criminal Accountability  ............................  89
a) U.N. Officials and Experts on Mission .........     89
b) Contractors and Consultants ..................      93
c) Military Members of National Contingents .....      94
C onclusion  ......................................................   95
t Attorney at Law (New York). The author was retained as legal advisor to H. R. H.
Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein, Permanent Representative of the Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan to the United Nations (hereinafter Prince Zeid), while Prince Zeid
was preparing his report: A Comprehensive Strategy to Eliminate Future Sexual
Exploitation and Abuse in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, U.N. Doc. A/59/710
(Mar. 24, 2005). The author wishes to thank Prince Zeid, the United Nations, and the
United Nations Foundation for having given him the opportunity to work on this
project. The views expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the author and
do not necessarily reflect those of Prince Zeid, the United Nations Foundation, the
United Nations or its Office of Legal Affairs. (The author retired from the latter
organization in 2003.) The author would like to thank Mr. David Hutchinson of the
Office of Legal Affairs for perceptive comments made on an earlier draft of this article.
The author would also like to thank Managing Editor Ms. Joanna Summerscales for
conforming the footnotes of an earlier version of this article into Bluebook style and
Managing Editor Mr. Thien Vu Hoang for suggestions made during the final editing of
the paper.
39 CORNELL INT'L L.J. 71 (2006)

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