74 Notre Dame L. Rev. 47 (1998-1999)
Taking Substantive Rights (in the Rules Enabling Act) More Seriously; Kelleher, Leslie M.

handle is hein.journals/tndl74 and id is 59 raw text is: TAKING SUBSTANTIVE RIGHTS (IN THE RULES
ENABLING ACT) MORE SERIOUSLYt
Leslie M. Kelleher*
INTRODUCTION   ..................................................   48
I. BACKGROUND-THE POLITICIZATION OF PROCEDURE ........          51
II. THE CONSTITUTIONAL ALLOCATION OF AUTHORIY TO
REGUiATE FEDERAL COURT PROCEDURE ....................       62
A. Separation of Powers Concerns-Authority of Congress and
the  Courts  ............................................  62
1. The Inherent Authority of the Judicial Branch ....    62
2. A Preliminary Look at the Line Between
Substance and Procedure.......................   68
B. Federalism Concerns-Limitations on the Powers of Congress
and the Federal Courts to Displace State Law with
Procedural Provisions  ..................................  72
C. Constitutionality of the Delegation Under the Rules Enabling
A ct  ..................................................  83
D. Constitutionality of the Supersession Provision .............  85
III. THE ALLOCATION OF RULEMAKING AUTHORITY UNDER THE
RuLEs ENABLING ACT .....................................     88
A. The Myth of Federalism ..............................  90
B. Exploding the Myth-Separation of Powers Concerns in the
REA   .................................................  92
C. The Supreme Court Decisions Prior to the 1988 Amendments
in  the  REA  ...........................................  95
D. The 1988 Rules Enabling Act ...........................  101
E. The Supreme Court Begins to Take Substantive Rights
Seriously- Post 1988 ...................................  105
IV. THE PROPOSED TEST ......................................    108
t Copyright © 1998 Leslie M. Kelleher
* Associate Professor of Law, University of Richmond School of Law. The
author grateftilly acknowledges the comments of Donald Doemberg, Charlie Geyh,
Gary Leedes, Henry Monaghan, Greg Sergienko, Jay Tidmarsh, Ralph Whitten, and
Paul Zwier on drafts of this article, the research and editorial assistance of LeAnn
Buntrock, Alison Vail Lennarz, and Melissa Loughridge Savenko, and the summer
research support provided by the University of Richmond School of Law.

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