26 Tex. Int'l L. J. 211 (1991)
For Specific Performance under the United Nations Sales Convention; Walt, Steven

handle is hein.journals/tilj26 and id is 221 raw text is: ARTICLES
For Specific Performance Under the
United Nations Sales Convention
STEVEN WALTt
SUMMARY
I.  INTRODUCTION   .............................. 211
II. REQUIRING PERFORMANCE UNDER THE UNITED NATIONS
CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL
SALE OF GOODS ............................. 213
II. A LIMITATION ON SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE    .............. 217
A.   Article 28 Clarified ........................ 218
B.   Article 28 and the Uniform Commercial Code .......... 224
IV.  SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE UNDER THE UNIFORM
COMMERCIAL CODE     ........................... 224
V. FOR THE ROUTINE AVAILABILrrY OF SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE .... 233
A.   The Weakness of the Traditional Doctrine  ........... 233
B.   A Normative Case for Routine Availability ............ 237
1. A Taxonomy of Cases .................... 237
2. The Defects of the Holmesian Dictum ............ 239
3. The Content of Contractual Promises ............. 242
4. The Consequences of Conflation  .............. 247
C.   The Structure of the Normative Argument ............ 248
VI. AN APPROACH TO AVAILABLE REMEDIES ............... 249
I. INTRODUCTION
A uniform statutory scheme acceptable to a number of nations requires com-
promise and consensus. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the
International Sale of Goods' (the CISG or Convention) exhibits these twin vir-
t Assistant Professor of Law, University of San Diego School of Law. J.D., Yale Law School,
1988; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1984; M.A., University of Chicago, 1978; B.A., Kalamazoo
College, 1976. This paper has benefitted from useful correspondence with Albert Kritzer. I am
particularly grateful to John Honnold for very helpful discussion and comments on an earlier draft
of this Article. Brian Paton (J.D., University of Pennsylvania) provided valuable research assistance.
The usual disclaimer applies.
1. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, April 10, 1980, U.N. Doc.
A/CONF.97/18 Annex 1 (1980), reprinted in 19 I.L.M. 668 (1980); 52 Fed. Reg. 6262 (1987)
[hereinafter CISG]. As of January 10, 1991, 30 nations, including the United States, have become
211

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