4 Tex. J. Oil Gas & Energy L. 337 (2008-2009)
Texas Tug of War: A Survey of Urban Drilling and the Issues an Operator will Face

handle is hein.journals/texjogel4 and id is 339 raw text is: NOTE & COMMENT
TEXAS TUG OF WAR: A SURVEY OF URBAN DRILLING
AND THE ISSUES AN OPERATOR WILL FACE
BILLIE ANN MAXWELL*
I.  INTRO  D U CTIO N  ................................................................................. 338
II. ISSUES AND CONCERNS FOR THE OPERATOR ............................... 340
A .  The  Econom   ics of D rilling  ....................................................... 340
1. Technology of Hydraulic Fracturing and Associated
C o sts  ...................................................................................... 340
2. Tax Revenues to City and State ......................................... 342
3.  Increased  W  orkforce ........................................................... 342
4. Increased Bonus and Royalty Payments ........................... 343
B .  Public  C oncerns  ......................................................................... 343
1.  N oise  from   O perations ....................................................... 344
2.  E nvironm  ent ........................................................................ 344
3 .  S afety  .................................................................................... 345
4. Response from Operators to Public Concerns ................. 346
5. Response from Government .............................................. 347
C.   G overnm  ent Concerns .............................................................. 347
1.  S tate  ...................................................................................... 347
2.  M unicipalities ....................................................................... 348
3. A Case Study of State and Local Regulation of
P ip elin es ................................................................................ 350
D .  Liability  C oncerns  ..................................................................... 355
1.  Trespass  from  Fracing ......................................................... 355
2.  N uisance  ............................................................................... 356
3.  Surface  D am ages  ................................................................. 356
E .  Leasing  C oncerns  ...................................................................... 356
1. Texas Mineral Interest Pooling Act .................................. 356
* J.D. with honors, The University of Texas School of Law 2009; B.A. with highest honors, The
University of Texas at Austin, 2006. Ms. Maxwell grew up around the oil and gas industry in
Kilgore, Texas. During law school, she served as the 2008-2009 Managing Editor of the TEXAS
JOURNAL OF OIL, GAS, & ENERGY LAW for 2008-2009 and assisted Professor Ernest E. Smith
with research for his annual oil and gas case update. Ms. Maxwell interned as a law clerk for the
Railroad Commission of Texas and moderated a panel on Urban Drilling at the 2009 Texas
Journal of Oil, Gas, & Energy Law Symposium. The author would like to thank John Hays and
Martin Garza for their comments and assistance in the development of this note.

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