66 St. John's L. Rev. 655 (1992-1993)
Enduring the Storm: Conscientious Objectors in the Persian Gulf War

handle is hein.journals/stjohn66 and id is 665 raw text is: CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS
ENDURING THE STORM:
CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS IN THE
PERSIAN GULF WAR
RONALD L. KUBY AND WILLIAM M. KUNSTLER*
PROLOGUE
It is early spring, 1991, at the U.S. Marine Corps base at
Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and the hearing room is already
hot and stifling. The clippity-clap of helicopters landing and tak-
ing off next to the courthouse makes it impossible to open the
windows. Major Edward M. Healey, a fiftyish, balding, heavy-set
Marine has been designated as the investigating officer for a con-
scientious objector hearing. He knows nothing about conscien-
tious objection-he is neither cleric nor ethicist. His only two
qualifications are that he teaches legal writing at a local commu-
nity college and that he has no other duties at the present time.
Those of us who have been with Major Healey for the past
few days sense that he is becoming, well, unglued. For over an
hour, he has been cross-examining Lance Corporal Douglas De-
Boer as to whether a minister, who provided a letter attesting to
* Civil Rights attorneys Ronald L. Kuby and William M. Kunstler are New York-based
attorneys specializing in representation of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience.
They are both affiliated with the Center for Constitutional Rights. Together with Steven
Somerstein of the law firm of Somerstein & Pike, Hillary Richard of the law firm Rabino-
witz, Boudin, Standard, Krinsky & Lieberman, Melissa Ennen of the counseling organiza-
tion Hands Offi, and Michael Marsh of the War Resisters League, attorneys Kuby and
Kunstler formed a legal team that provided pro bono legal and counseling services to over
1,000 members of the Armed Forces objecting to the Persian Gulf War. Counsel wish to
thank Peter Graff, a second-year student at St. John's University School of Law, for his
assistance in the preparation of this Article.

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