55 Stan. L. Rev. 529 (2002-2003)
Out of Sight, but Not Out of Mind: How Executive Order 13,233 Expands Executive Privilege while Simultaneously Preventing Access to Presidential Records; Karin, Marcy Lynn

handle is hein.journals/stflr55 and id is 543 raw text is: NOTES
Out of Sight, but Not Out of Mind: How
Executive Order 13,233 Expands Executive
Privilege While Simultaneously Preventing
Access to Presidential Records
Marcy Lynn Karin*
INTRO DU CTION  ..................................................................................................... 530
I. PUTTING EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE IN THE PRESIDENTIAL TOOLBOX ................... 531
A .      What Is Executive Privilege? .............................................................. 531
B.       Why Does the President Need This Particular Tool? ......................... 533
C.      Legislative Treatment and Interpretation of Executive Privilege ....... 535
1.    The Presidential Records and Materials Preservation Act ................ 536
2.    The  Presidential Records Act ............................................................. 538
D.      Judicial Treatment and Interpretation of Executive Privilege ........... 541
1.    The  N ixon  cases .................................................................................. 54 1
2.    Post- W atergate  cases ......................................................................... 544
E.      Executive Treatment and Interpretation of Executive Privilege ......... 546
1.    Executive Order 12,667-presidential records .................................. 546
2.    Executive Order 13,233-further implementation of the
Presidential Records  Act .............................................................................. 547
II. THE CONTEXT AND DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE ORDER ............................... 548
III. THE INTERACTION OF BUSH'S ORDER WITH PREVIOUS INTERPRETATIONS
OF EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE AND ACCESS TO PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS ................ 552
A.      The Creation of a Vice-Presidential Privilege ................................... 553
B.      The Designation  of a Representative .................................................. 555
C.      The Establishment of a Double  Veto  .................................................. 556
D.      The Extension of Time Allotted for Review ......................................... 557
E.      The Expansion of Records Covered ................................................... 558
* J.D. Candidate, Stanford Law School, 2003. B.A., American University, 2000.
Ombudsperson, Stanford Law Review, Vol. 55. 1 would like to thank Professor Tom
Campbell for his insightful feedback on an earlier version of this Note. Special thanks also
to my colleagues on the Law Review for their help throughout the editing process,
particularly Chris Frey, Tony Lewis, Mike Ferrara, and John Wilson. Most of all I am
grateful for the continued inspiration, patience, and support that Professor Margaret Weekes,
my sister Lori, and my mother Gloria have given me throughout the years.

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