39 Seton Hall L. Rev. 635 (2009)
Human Trafficking: The Need for Federal Prosecution of Accused Traffickers

handle is hein.journals/shlr39 and id is 639 raw text is: HUMAN TRAFFICKING: THE NEED FOR FEDERAL
PROSECUTION OF ACCUSED TRAFFICKERS
Eileen Overbaugh*
The baby girl ... was born in a toilet in a cramped apartment in Hudson
County. The baby died before the next sunrise.... The baby's mother was
one of dozens of young Honduran women smuggled into New Jersey by a
human-trafficking ring .... When an enforcer for the ring learned of the
pregnancy, the woman ... was forced to swallow abortion-inducing pills.'
I.  INTRODUCTION
Human trafficking is prohibited under federal law by the Traf-
ficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.2 In the last several years, nu-
merous states have enacted similar legislation criminalizing human
trafficking.  Consequently, in many states, including New Jersey,4
both the federal and state governments have the power to prosecute
* J.D. Candidate, May 2009, Seton Hall University School of Law; B.A., summa
cum laude, 2006, Drew University.
The Underside of Immigration, RECORD (Bergen County, N.J.), Dec. 4,2005, at 1.
2 Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. 106-386, 114 Stat. 1464
(codified in scattered sections of 18 U.S.C. and 22 U.S.C. (2000)).
3 See ALASKA STAT. §§ 11.41.360-365 (2007); ARIz. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 13-1307-
1309 (2007); ARK. CODE ANN. § 5-11-108 (West 2007); CAL. PENAL CODE §§ 236.1-237
(West 2007); COLO. REV. STAT. ANN. § 18-6-402, 18-13-127 (West 2007); CONN. GEN.
STAT. ANN. § 33a-192a (West 2007); DEL. CODE ANN. fit. 11, § 787 (2007); FLA. STAT.
ANN. § 787.06 (West 2007); GA. CODE ANN. § 16-5-46 (West 2007); IDAHO CODE ANN.
§§ 18-8601-8605 (2007); 720 ILL. COMp. STAT. 5/10A-10 (2007); IND. CODE § 35-42-
3.5-1 (2008); IOWA CODE §§ 710A.1-.5 (2007); KAN. STAT. ANN. § 21-3446 (2007); KY.
REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 529.100-110 (West 2008); LA. REV. STAT. ANN. § 14:46.2 (2007);
MD. CODE ANN., CRIM. LAw § 11-303 (West 2008); MICH. COMP. LAws §§ 750.462a-.462i
(2007); MINN. STAT. §§ 609.281-284 (2007); MISS. CODE ANN. § 97-3-54.1 (2007); Mo.
REV. STAT. §§ 566.200-•223 (2007); MONT. CODE ANN. § 45-5-306 (2008); NEB. REV.
STAT. §§ 23-830-832 (2007); NEV. REV. STAT. §§ 200.467-.468 (2008); N.M. STAT. §§
30-52-1-3 (2008); N.Y. PENAL LAW § 230.34 (McKinney 2008); N.C. GEN. STAT. ANN. §§
14-43.10-13 (West 2007); OKLA. STAT. tit. 21, §§ 748-748.2 (2008); OR. REV. STAT. §
163.266 (2008); 18 PA. CONS. STAT. ANN. §§ 3002-3004 (West 2007); R.I. GEN. LAWS §§
11-67-1-5 (2007); S.C. CODE ANN. § 16-3-930 (2007); TEx. PENAL CODE ANN. §§
20A.01-.02 (Vernon 2007); UTAH CODE ANN. §§ 76-5-308-310 (2008); WASH. REV.
CODE § 9A.40.100 (2007).
4 See N.J. STAT. ANN. § 2C:13-8 (West 2005).

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