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60 Rutgers L. Rev. 207 (2007-2008)
Out of Sight, out of Mind: How the Lack of Postdispositional Advocacy in Juvenile Court Increases the Risk of Recidivism and Institutional Abuse

handle is hein.journals/rutlr60 and id is 215 raw text is: OUT OF SIGHT, OUT OF MIND:
HOW THE LACK OF POSTDISPOSITIONAL ADVOCACY IN
JUVENILE COURT INCREASES THE RISK OF RECIDIVISM AND
INSTITUTIONAL ABUSE
Sandra Simkins*
Make no mistake, the system is built for you to stay in it.
Charles D., former juvenile delinquent
Juvenile   delinquency   court   administrative   judges   are
responsible to ensure that counsel is available to every youth at
every hearing, including post-disposition reviews and reentry
hearings.
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges'
The guard looked in my bag and smiled. She didn't mind. She'd
known for months that I had been bringing Jos62 candy bars while he
waited in detention. Jos6 was waiting for the interstate compact to be
complete so he could go to a residential treatment facility in
Colorado. No one knew how much longer the wait would be, and
since he had no family to visit him, I tried to come once a week. Jos6
was a former dependent kid,3 now in the delinquency system, and his
* Clinical Associate Professor of Law, Children's Justice Clinic, Rutgers School of
Law-Camden.
1. NAT'L COUNCIL OF JUV. AND FAM. CT. JUDGES, JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
GUIDELINES: IMPROVING COURT PRACTICE IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY CASES 25 (2005),
available  at http://www.ncjfcj.org/content/view/411/411  [hereinafter  JUVENILE
DELINQUENCY GUIDELINES] (holding delinquency judges responsible for providing
children with access to counsel at every stage of the proceedings, from before the
initial hearing through postdisposition and reentry).
2. The names of all children referenced in this Essay have been changed to
protect their privacy.
3. There is often a strong connection between the dependent and delinquent
systems. James Garbarino, Forward, in TRAUMA AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY:
THEORY, RESEARCH AND INTERVENTIONS, at xix, xxi (Ricky Greenwald ed., 2002)
(Research indicates that inside virtually every dangerously violent youth is an
untreated traumatized child, a child with experiences of violent victimization ... ).

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