85 N.C. L. Rev. 885 (2006-2007)
Using the Implied License to Inject Common Sense into Digital Copyright

handle is hein.journals/nclr85 and id is 897 raw text is: Using the Implied License To Inject Common Sense into
Digital Copyright
IN TR  O D U CT IO N  ....................................................................................... 885
I.      OPT-IN AND OPT-OUT SYSTEMS ................................................. 887
A.    Opt-in Systems Defined and Explained ............................... 887
B.   Control of Copyrighted Works Is an Opt-in System                 .......... 887
C.   Opt-out Systems Defined and Explained ............................ 888
D.    The Internet Is an Opt-out System          ....................................... 889
E .  The   C onflict ............................................................................ 891
II.     DEVELOPMENT OF COPYRIGHT LAW                     ....................................... 893
A.   Defining Copy in the Digital Environment ..................... 893
B.   Removal of Statutory Formalities ........................................ 896
III.    DEVELOPMENT OF THE IMPLIED LICENSE DOCTRINE ........... 898
A.    Traditional Implied License Cases ....................................... 898
B .  L exm   ark  ................................................................................. 900
C. State Contract Law, Meeting of the Minds, and Federal
P reem  p tion  ............................................................................. 901
IV .    FIELD    V. G O  OGLE   ........................................................................ 906
A.   Facts and Background .......................................................... 906
B .   The  O utcom   e .......................................................................... 909
1. Knowledge and Use ......................................................... 913
2.  E ncouragem     ent ................................................................ 914
C.   A  Broader Reading of Field ................................................. 915
V.      WHY IMPLIED LICENSE INSTEAD OF FAIR USE? ..................... 916
A.    What's Wrong with Fair Use? ............................................... 916
B. How Does Implied License Avoid the Problems
Plaguing    Fair  Use?   ................................................................ 921
C.   Application to New Technologies ........................................ 923
VI.     THE IMPLIED LICENSE DOCTRINE AS A GAP-FILLER ............ 925
A.   Browsing by Individuals ....................................................... 925
B.   Indexing by Google ............................................................... 927
C.   Translating by Google ........................................................... 928
D .  O  ther  P rojects  ........................................................................ 929
C O N CLU  SIO  N   ........................................................................................... 930
INTRODUCTION
Existing     copyright      law    is   not   well-suited      to   handle      the
transmission      of copyrighted       works over the         Internet.      Generally

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