4 McGill Int'l J. Sust. Dev. L. & Pol'y 1 (2008)
Climate Change Migration, Refugee Protection, and Adaptive Capacity-Building

handle is hein.journals/mcgijosd4 and id is 11 raw text is: Climate Change Migration, Refugee
Protection, and Adaptive Capacity-Building

Robert McLeman*

7his article describes the potential for large-scale
population displacements and migration as a
result of climate change. A/igration is one of
many ways by which households exposed to cli-
matic stresses may adapt. Given current trends in
climate change, increased rural-to-urban migra-
tion in developing regions and increased levels of
international migrailon aong p gre-existing social
networks may be expected. Two international
policy ins/ruments that may be relevant for
managing climate change-related migration are
the Convention relating to the Status of Ref gees
and the United Nations Framework Convention

on Climate Change (UNFCCC). People dis-
placed by climate chyange would not qualif, for
protection as Convention refugees under the
former conven/ion, and /here is lit/le evidence
this situation wil change in the nearjfuture. 7he
international communiy is, however; commit
ted under the UNFCCC to assisting vulnerable
developing nations build capacity to adapt to
the impacts of climate change. 7his commitment
provides an oppor/uniiy for developed nations
to prevent future climate-related migrations by
expanding /he range of adaptation alternatives.

Cet article trai/e de 'dventuali/d dune migration
et d'un ddplacement de la population a grande
&helle resultant des changements climatiques.
La migration est une voie, parmi d'autres, par
laquelle les menages expos&s aux contraines
climatiques peuvent sadapter. En raison des
tendances climatiques ac/ueles, l'accroissement
de lPurbanisation dans les regions en ddveloppe-
ment et de la migration in/ernationale le long
de reseaux sociaux prdexistants est a prdvoir.
La Convention relative au s/atut des refugi&s
et la Convention-cadre des Nations unies sur
le: changements climatiques (CC]VUC(C) sont
deux politiques internationales potentiellement

perinentes pour gerer la migration resultant des
changements climatiques. Lapremi~re ne confere
pas de pro/ection aux personnes dplacees par les
changements climatiques, et cette absence de
qualification risque de demeurer inchange dons
un avenir rapproch. La communaute interna-
tionale est cependant engag&, par la CGNUCC,
a soutenir les nations en ddveloppement, plus
vulnerables, dans leur processus d'adaptation
aux impacts des changements climatiques. Cet
engagemen/, de par laccroissement des mesures
alternatives d'adaptation, constitue une oppor-
lunitdpour le: nations dkveloppdes de'prdvenir les
migrations relies aux changements climatiques.

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, University of Ottawa.

What Is HeinOnline?

With comprehensive coverage of government documents and more than 2,400 journals from inception on hundreds of subjects such as political science, criminal justice, and human rights, HeinOnline is an affordable option for colleges and universities. Documents have the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?