87 Iowa L. Rev. 1559 (2001-2002)
Congressional Oversight, Executive Privilege, and Requests for Information Relating to Federal Criminal Investigations and Prosecutions

handle is hein.journals/ilr87 and id is 1571 raw text is: Congressional Oversight, Executive
Privilege, and Requests for Information
Relating to Federal Criminal
Investigations and Prosecutions
Roberto Iraola*
I.  INTRODUCTION  ................................................................................... 1560
H.  SEPARATION  OF POWERS ..................................................................... 1564
III. CONGRESS'S INVESTIGATIVE AND OVERSIGHT AUTHORIY .................. 1566
IV.  ExEcuTIVE  PRIVILEGE ......................................................................... 1570
A. MILITARYAND STATE SEC RTS ....................................................... 1571
B. PRESIDENTmL COMMUNICATIONS ................................................... 1573
C.  DELBERATVE PRocESS ................................................................. 1577
D.  LAWEFm ORcE   I TPR V   GE ....................................................... 1579
V. EXECUTIVE-CONGRESSIONAL DISPUTES AND THE COURTS .................. 1580
A.   ThE  CASELAW   ............................................................................. 1580
B. PRINCIPLEs GOVERNING ANALYSIS OFINTERBRANCH
EXECTM   PR1VLLEGE CLAIMS ........................................................ 1585
N. CONGRESSIONAL REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION RELATING TO
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS ................................................................. 1586
A. THE PROTECTION OFMLITARYAND STATE SECRETS ....................... 1587
B.   THEPROTECTIONOFLAWENFORCEETINFORMATIONAND
PROSECUTORTALDEUBERATIONS .................................................... 1589
C.  THEACCOMMODATIONPROCESS .................................................... 1593
VII.  CONCLUSION  ...................................................................................... 1598

1559

* Senior Legal Advisor to the FBI's General Counsel. J.D., Catholic University Law
School (1983). The views expressed herein are solely those of the author and are not intended
to reflect those of the FBI or the Department ofJustice

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