Law Journal Library - Skip to main content
Content Start

Click here to view short-term subscription options to access this document.

30 Hamline J. Pub. L. & Pol'y 89 (2008-2009)
Race Rights Reparations: Exploring a Reparations Framework for Addressing Trade Inequality

handle is hein.journals/hplp30 and id is 93 raw text is: Race Rights Reparations: Exploring a Reparations
Framework for Addressing Trade Inequality
Fernne Brennan*
Tearing people from their families, communities, culture
and economies for the purpose of commerce, underpinned by racial
discrimination is clearly a moral wrong that the legal system
should correct. When it comes to the African Holocaust, however,
the narrative shifts. Why rake up the past? Why should Europe
carry the guilt? Pay? The relevance to contemporary problems is
minimal? I beg to differ. This paper argues that the Trans-Atlantic
slave trade was an African Holocaust' due to its systematic
*This paper is dedicated to Tony Brennan, Professor Janet Dine, Hamline
University School of Law and Alex Klein. All mistakes are mine.
1 Holocaust is a word derived from the Greek holokauston that means a burnt
sacrifice offered whole to God. See Holocaust, Dictionary.Com, available at (last visited Jan. 28 2009).
The word holocaust was used to signify the work of the Nazi regime during the
Second World War in using crematoriums and open fires to exterminate people
of Jewish descent. See Holocaust, Encyclopaedia Britannica, available at 1/Holocaust (last visited Jan. 1,
2009). African Holocaust (Maafa) comes from the Kiswahili for terrible
occurrence and its modem form is used to depict the suffering of people of
African heritage through Slavery, Imperialism, Colonialism, Oppression,
Invasions and Exploitation. See African Holocaust, African History Restored,
available at (last
visited Jan. 1, 2009); see also Gerene L. Freeman, What About My 40 Acres and
a Mule? IV Racism and Nativism in American Political Culture, YALE-NEW
HAVEN TEACHES INSTITUTE, (1994) (arguing that there is a persistent resistance
to acceptance that there was an African Holocaust but we should call it what it

Already a Subscriber?

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is the world’s largest image-based and fully searchable legal and academic research database. Material contained in HeinOnline is an exact replication of the original printed product, and coverage is typically comprehensive. Contact us today for a free demo of this incredible resource.

We offer annual subscriptions to all HeinOnline collections to universities, colleges, law firms, individuals, and other institutions. To request a quote or trial, please click here.

Please note: the content in the Law Journal Library is constantly changing and some content has restrictions as required per the license. Therefore, please review the available content via the following link to ensure the material you wish to access is included in the database. For a complete list of content included in the Law Journal Library, please click here.

Learn More About the Law Journal Library (pdf)
Back To Top Jump To Bottom