31 Harv. Int'l. L. J. 129 (1990)
A Reconsideration of the Underlying Premise of Refugee Law

handle is hein.journals/hilj31 and id is 137 raw text is: VOLUME 31, NUMBER I, WINTER 1990

A Reconsideration of the Underlying
Premise of Refugee Law
James C. Hathaway*
Table of Contents
I. The Emergence of Law to Govern Refugee Movements and
Status ............................................ 134
A. 1920-1938: Humanitarianism Qualified ............. 137
B. 1938-1950: Human Rights Protection Qualified ....... 139
C. 1950 and Beyond: Self-Interested Control .............  143
II. The Rejection of Comprehensive Protection ................. 144
A. Strategic Limitations ........................... 145
B. Promotion of Western Political Objectives .............. 148
III. The Establishment of Selective Burden-Sharing ............. 151
A. Eurocentric Conventional Focus ...................... 151
B. Institutional Policies of Containment in the Third World  157
C. Formal, But Not Substantive Universalization ......... 162
IV. Minimal International Intervention in Protection Decisions .... 165
A. State Control of Refugee Determination ................ 166
B. Politically Malleable Definitional Framework ........... 168
C. Screening Based on Domestic Interests ................. 171
D.  Limited  Duty  ................................... . 172
V. Toward a Critical Appraisal of Refugee Law .............. 174
* Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School of York University, Toronto. Submitted in
partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Science of Law in the Faculty
of Law, Columbia University. The author is fully responsible for the views expressed, but is
grateful for the critiques of Gervase Coles, John Evans, Richard Gardner, Lisa Gilad, Harry
Glasbeek, Guy Goodwin-Gill, Arthur Murphy, and Oscar Schachter; and the contributions of
his students past and present, in particular Suzanne Egan, Kari Liao, Jeffrey Meade, David
Petrasek, Steve Smart, Maureen Smith, and Steven Tress.

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