5 Fla. Int'l L.J. 471 (1989-1990)
Derailing the Fast-Track for International Trade Agreements

handle is hein.journals/fjil5 and id is 479 raw text is: DERAILING THE FAST-TRACK FOR INTERNATIONAL
TRADE AGREEMENTS
Edmund W. Sim*
I. INTRODUCTION       ..................................  472
II. BACKGROUND ...................................        475
III. POTENTIAL OPPONENTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE
AGREEMENTS    ............................            481
A. Textiles ................................ 482
B. Agriculture .............................. 484
1. Commodities with Price Supports and Import Quotas  485
2. Border State Agricultural Interests ............ 485
3. Progressive Farm Groups ................... 485
C. Environmental and Consumer Groups .......... 486
D. Labor ..................................           488
E. Manufacturers ............................ 489
F. Maritime ............................... 490
G. Aviation ................................          491
H. Religious and Human Rights Interests ........      492
IV. THE TRADE AGREEMENTS ACT OF 1992 .........             493
A. Pre-Notification ........................... 493
1. Congressional Input ........................ 493
a. Extension of Fast-Track Authority .......... 493
b. Free Trade Agreement Review by Congressional
Committee  .......................         497
c. Congressional Participation in Trade
Negotiations  ......................        498
2. Private Industry Input ..................... 499
B. Notification of Congress ..................... 499
C. Non-Markups and Non-Conferences ............ 500
D. Conclusion of Agreement and Formal Submission
to Congress .............................. 502
E. Committee and Floor Consideration ..........       503
* A.B. 1988, Dartmouth College; J.D. 1991, University of Michigan Law School. The author
is an associate at the Washington, D.C. law firm of Patton, Boggs & Blow and would like to
thank Professor John H. Jackson of the University of Michigan Law School, colleagues at Patton,
Boggs and Blow and staff members of the Office of the United States Trade Representative
and the Executive Office of the President for their helpful comments. However, he retains full
responsibility for its content.

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