14 Eur. J. Crime Crim. L. & Crim. Just. 239 (2006)
Cigarette Smuggling: A Case Study of a Smuggling Network in Greece

handle is hein.journals/eccc14 and id is 247 raw text is: Georgios A. Antonopoulos*
Cigarette Smuggling: A Case Study of a
Smuggling Network in Greece
1. INTRODUCTION
The smuggling of cigarettes has been the focus of a number of journalistic and
academic accounts and official reports throughout the world, and has been intertwined
with other criminal activities, terrorism,' health,2 minority ethnic groups,3 and finance.
It is estimated that smuggled cigarettes account for 6-8.5% of the total cigarette
consumption,4 and that for every truckload of cigarettes smuggled into the EU US$ 1,2
million (about £ 691,000/EURO 992,000) in taxes are lost.5 According to EUROPOL,6
countries with high taxation on cigarettes are vulnerable to cigarette smuggling how-
*   Lecturer in criminology, School of Social Sciences and Law, University of Teesside, UK. Cor-
respondence: g.antonopoulos@tees.ac.uk. The author would like to thank the participants of this
research, the Hellenic Coast Guard in Piraeus and Patras for the provision of official data, and
Klaus von Lampe, John Winterdyk, Dick Hobbs, and Georgios Papanicolaou for their comments
and suggestions on earlier drafts of this paper.
D. Coker, 'Smoking May Not Only Be Hazardous To Your Health But Also To World Political
Stability: The European Union's Fight Against Cigarette Smuggling Rings That Benefit Terrorism',
11 European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (2003) pp. 350-376.
2   L. Joossens, FJ. Chaloupka, D. Merriman and A. Yurekli, 'Issues in the Smuggling of Tobacco
Products', in P. Jha and F Chaloupka, eds., Tobacco Control in Developing Countries (New York
2000) pp. 393-406.
3   EUROPOL, 2003 European Union Organised Crime Report (Luxembourg 2003).
4   0. Shafey, V. Cokkinides, T. M. Cavalcante, M. Teixeira, C. Vianna and M. Thun, 'Case Studies
in International Tobacco Surveillance: Cigarette Smuggling in Brazil', 11 Tobacco Control, (2002)
pp. 215-219.
D. Campbell, 'Lost in Transit', 369 New Internationalist (2004); http://www.newint.org/issue369/lost.
htm.
6   EUROPOL (2003), loc. cit.

European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 14/3, 239-255, 2006
0 Koninklijke Brill NV. Printed in the Netherlands.

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