47 DePaul L. Rev. 85 (1997-1998)
Scientology in Court: A Comparative Analysis and Some Thoughts on Selected Issues in Law and Religion

handle is hein.journals/deplr47 and id is 95 raw text is: SCIENTOLOGY IN COURT: A COMPARATIVE
ANALYSIS AND SOME THOUGHTS ON SELECTED
ISSUES IN LAW AND RELIGION
Paul Horwitz*
INTRODUCTION    .................................................    86
I. THE CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY ........................            89
A .  D ianetics  ............................................  89
B .  Scientology  ..........................................  93
C. Scientology Doctrines and Practices .................     95
II. SCIENTOLOGY AT THE HANDS OF THE STATE:
A COMPARATIVE LOOK .................................        102
A .  United  States  ........................................  102
B .  England  .............................................  110
C .  A ustralia  ............................................  115
D .  G erm any  ............................................  118
III. DEFINING RELIGION IN AN AGE OF PLURALISM ........            127
A. The Move From Deity-Based to Functional
D efinitions  ..........................................  129
B.  Single-Factor  Tests  ..................................  131
C. Multiple-Factor Tests ................................   134
D. An Analogical Approach ............................      137
E. A Proposed Definition ..............................     140
IV. FRAUD AND NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS .............               143
V. CONCLUSION: SOME OBSERVATIONS ON RELIGIOUS
FREEDOM AND COMPARATIVE LAW           ....................  150
* LL.M. 1997, Columbia University; LL.B. 1995, University of Toronto; M.S. 1991, Columbia
University; B.A. 1990, McGill University. I am grateful to Kent Greenawalt, the members of his
seminar on church-state issues, and Paul Michell for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of
this Article; to Peter Leube; and to the editors of the DePaul Law Review for their assistance in
preparing the paper for publication.

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