3 Colum. J. Eur. L. 49 (1996-1997)
Law, History, and Memory: Republican Moments and the Legitimacy of Constitutional Review in France

handle is hein.journals/coljeul3 and id is 55 raw text is: LAW, HISTORY, AND MEMORY:
REPUBLICAN MOMENTS AND THE LEGITIMACY OF
CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW IN FRANCE
Peter L. Lindseth*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.  Introduction  ................................................................  50
II.  Theoretical Considerations in Comparative Constitutional Law ....            55
A. Dualist Democracy and Constitutional Moments in American
H istory  ...............................................................  55
B.    Republican Moments as the French Analogue ..............             56
C.    Law as Historical Memory ........................................       57
I.   Freedom   of Association and the Memory of Republican Moments                59
A.    The Constitutional Council's Decision of July 16, 1971 ......           59
B.    In View of the Law of July 1, 1901: The Memory of the
Dreyfus Affair and Republican Defense . ....................          61
1.   From   the Monarchist to the Radical Republic ............        61
2.   The    Reactionary     Legacy    of   Nineteenth-Century
Legislation  .....................................................  62
3.   Freedom    of Association and the Goverment of Ren6
Waldeck-Rousseau ............................................     63
C.    In View of the Law of January 10, 1936: The Memory of
the Popular Front and the Fascist Threat .......................        64
1.   The Breakdown of the Republican Synthesis in the
1930s  ...........................................................  64
2.   Republican Defense and Administrative Dissolution of
Private  M ilitia  .................................................  65
D.    Les principes fondamentaux reconnus par les lois de la
Ripublique: Memories of the Liberation and National
Reconciliation  .......................................................  66
1.   Republican Legality, Human Rights and the Implicit
Rejection of Legislative Supremacy .......................        66
2.   The Conservative Reconciliation with the Republic .....            68
3.   The Recognition of the principes fondamentaux as a
Source of Controlling Constitutional Norms ..............         69
* Associate in Law, Columbia University School of Law. B.A., J.D., Cornell; M.A., M.Phil.,
Ph.D. candidate (history), Columbia; research fellow, French Conseil d'tat, 1994-95. I would like to
thank George Bermann and Louis Henkin for their extensive comments on earlier drafts of this
article.

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