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63 Cornell L. Rev. 355 (1977-78)
Bills of Attainder: A Study of Amendment by the Court

handle is hein.journals/clqv63 and id is 363 raw text is: CORNELL
LAW REVIEW
Volume 63       March 1978       Number 3

BILLS OF ATTAINDER: A STUDY
OF AMENDMENT BY THE COURT
Raoul Bergert
INTRODUCTION ............................................ 356
I. THE FRAMERS' USE OF COMMON-LAW TERMS ......... 360
A. Common-Law Terms Were Carefully Chosen  ........ 360
B. Both Ex Post Facto Laws and Bills of Attainder Were
Limited  to Crimes  ...............................  365
C.  Fletcher v. Peck  ................................  367
D. The Impact of Federalism  ........................ 371
II. THE HISTORY OF ATTAINDER ........................ 372
A. Criticism of a Narrow Historical Definition .. ....... 372
B. The Bill of Attainder in England  ................. 373
C. The Bill of Attainder in America  .................. 376
III. SEPARATION OF POWERS .............................. 379
A. The Inapplicability of the Contemporary Commen-
taries  .   . ......................................  381
B. Delineating Legislative and Judicial Functions ....... 385
IV. THE PITFALLS OF THE PUNISHMENT TEST ............ 390
A. Test Oaths and Disqualifications  .................. 390
B.  Punishment  ...................................  395
C. Legitimate Classification Versus Legislative Adjudi-
Cation  ........................................  399
CONCLUSION .............................................. 403
t Member, Illinois and District of Columbia bars. A.B. 1932, University of Cincinnati;
J.D. 1935, Northwestern University; LL.M. 1938, Harvard University; LL.D. 1975, Univer-
sity of Cincinnati.

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