16 Animal L. 317 (2009-2010)
Habitat-Based Conservation Legislation: A New Direction for Sea Turtle Conservation

handle is hein.journals/anim16 and id is 325 raw text is: COMMENTS
HABITAT-BASED CONSERVATION LEGISLATION: A
NEW DIRECTION FOR SEA TURTLE CONSERVATION
By
Tara Zuardo*
This Comment explores various agreements designed to protect sea turtles at
international and local levels as migratory species. Traditional approaches
have been unsuccessful at addressing the myriad threats that face sea tur-
tles. The effectiveness of international agreements could be greatly increased
through government enforcement of national and local laws that protect spe-
cies and through increased cooperation and coordination. This Comment
concludes that regional legislation in the European Community mandating
habitat protection for listed species and local involvement in sea turtle pro-
tection offers direction for future agreements seeking to protect sea turtles.
I.  INTRODUCTION    ......................................... 318
II. PROTECTIONS NEEDED FOR EFFECTIVE SEA
TURTLE CONSERVATION ............................... 322
A. Unique Biological Cycles and Needed Protections ........ 322
B. Threats from Over-Exploitation ......................... 324
C. Threats from Environmental Degradation ............... 325
D. Challenges to Traditional Approaches Used for Sea
Turtle  Conservation  ................................... 327
E. Protections Needed at the International Level ............ 328
III. THE SHORTCOMINGS OF INTERNATIONAL
AGREEMENTS RELEVANT TO SEA TURTLES ............ 329
A. Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species ........ 330
* © Tara Zuardo 2010. The author obtained a Bachelors degree with High Honors
from the University of California, Berkeley, and will obtain a J.D. and a certificate in
Environmental and Natural Resources Law with an emphasis in Animal Law from
Lewis & Clark Law School in May 2010. Ms. Zuardo has had a lifelong concern for
animal welfare, particularly for international protection of wildlife and animal testing
issues. The author would like to thank Professor Chris Wold for the information and
opinions that he Was kind enough to offer regarding the Comment. She would also like
to thank Sara Sayles for her assistance in editing the article, and family members
Christine, Lou, and Fin for their unwavering support.

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