37 Am. J. Crim. L. 291 (2009-2010)
Special Populations and the Importance of Prison Oversight

handle is hein.journals/ajcl37 and id is 297 raw text is: Article
Special Populations and the Importance of Prison
Oversight
Michele Deitch*
Introduction               .........................................          .......292
I. Systems of Accountability: An Overview          ................................293
A. The Twin Goals of Public Transparency and Accountability..............293
B. Internal Accountability Measures and External Oversight ..................294
C. Oversight as an Umbrella Concept         ..........            ..........295
II. The Need to Monitor Special Populations         ....................     .....296
A. Prisoners in Segregation         ...............................296
B. Prisoners Vulnerable to Sexual Assault       ...............       ......298
C. Prisoners with Mental and Physical Disabilities ........................300
D. Prisoners with Serious Medical Needs       ......................301
III. The Essential Elements of Effective Prison Oversight ..........         .........302
IV. Models of External Prison Oversight         ...........................303
* Senior Lecturer, University of Texas School of Law and Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.
B.A. Amherst College, M.Sc. Oxford University, J.D. Harvard Law School. Parts of this article were
originally submitted as the author's written testimony to the National Prison Rape Elimination
Commission on December 6, 2007. I am grateful to the Open Society Institute of the Soros Foundation
for awarding me a Soros Senior Justice Fellowship to support this research. I want to especially
acknowledge several colleagues who gave generously of their time and insights in helping me better
understand their experiences with a variety of models of correctional oversight: Dr. Silvia Casale, Anne
Owers, Lord David Ramsbotham, Matthew Cate, Shirley Pope, Glenn Fine, Bob Gangi, Jack Beck, and
Will Harrell. I am deeply grateful to all of them for helping me think through the complexities of these
issues. Further thanks are due to the International Centre for Prison Studies at Kings College, London,
which gave me a home base while I conducted international research and to Andrew Coyle and Baroness
Vivien Stern, who were great sources of information for me during my time there. I offer special thanks
to Michael Mushlin for his review of an earlier draft of this article, to Alvin Bronstein for his longtime
support of my research in this field, to the late Judge William Wayne Justice and Vincent Nathan for
inspiring my commitment to effective correctional oversight, and to Jessica Miller for her editorial
assistance.

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